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Mathematics of Permanent Account Number (PAN)

Permanent Account Number (PAN) is unique alphanumeric combination issued to all juristic entities identifiable under the Indian Income Tax Act 1961. It is issued by the Indian Income Tax Department under the supervision of the Central Board for Direct Taxes (CBDT) and is almost equivalent to a national identification number. It also serves as an important ID proof.

This number is almost mandatory for financial transactions such as opening a bank account, receiving taxable salary or professional fees, sale or purchase of assets above specified limits.

The primary purpose of PAN is to bring a universal identification key factor for all financial transactions and indirectly prevent tax evasion by keeping a track of monetary transactions of high net worth individuals.

The PAN is unique, national, and permanent. It is unaffected by a change of address, even between states.

Structure and validation
  • PAN structure is as follows: AAAAA9999A: First five characters are letters, next 4 numerals, last character letter Each assesse is uniquely identified by the PAN
  • If the PAN does not follow the above structure, then the PAN will be shown invalid
  • The fourth character of the PAN must be one of the following, depending on the type of assesse:
C — Company
P — Person
H — HUF(Hindu Undivided Family)
F — Firm
A — Association of Persons (AOP)
T — AOP (Trust)
B — Body of Individuals (BOI)
L — Local Authority
J — Artificial Juridical Person
G — Government


The fifth character of the PAN is the first character
(a) of the surname / last name of the person, in the case of a "Personal" PAN card, where the fourth character is "P" or
(b) of the name of the Entity/ Trust/ Society/ Organisation in the case of Company/ HUF/ Firm/ AOP/ BOI/ Local Authority/ Artificial Jurdical Person/ Govt, where the fourth character is "C","H","F","A","T","B","L","J","G".
Nowadays, the DOI (Date of Issue) of PAN card is mentioned at the right (vertical) hand side of the photo on the PAN card.

The central government has introduced a new online service called "Know Your PAN" to verify or validate new and existing PAN numbers, which can be done by visiting https://incometaxindiaefiling.gov.in/portal/knowpan.do

Source: Wikipedia The Free Encyclopedia.


Mathematics of Permanent Account Number (PAN) Reviewed by Sartaj Husain on Monday, August 06, 2012 Rating: 5

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